California districts are looking closely at their zero-tolerance discipline policies. Changes include raising awareness of the impact of trauma on students and implementing restorative justice principles, which require misbehaving students to make amends to those they have harmed. Disproportionate numbers of African-American and, to a lesser extent, Latino youth are suspended or disciplined.
Black students far more likely to face disciplinary measures for missing school, statewide data shows.
Suspending students when they're not attending class in person can be a complicated process.
Demands for police reforms include increasing mental health services which are seen as key to helping young people, especially Black students, succeed studies say.
As districts disband or reform their police units, policymakers consider how to improve campus safety statewide.
Board agreed to disband entire internal police department by end of the year and form a committee to come up with an alternative safety plan.
Oakland Unified leaders signal support for eliminating district police, West Contra Costa Unified terminates contracts with city police.
The superintendent of public instruction announced he is launching a training initiative to help end systematic racism in schools.
New data suggests restorative justice programs are effective at improving school climate.
The Los Angeles district may provide lessons for California as it eliminates K-8 defiance suspensions across the state.
Counseling and tutoring should be embedded in school discipline programs, experts said.
The longtime leader in the field says social and emotional practices help reach disconnected students and give purpose to learning.
Gov. Newsom signed legislation that will ban out-of-school suspensions for disruptive behavior and willful defiance after next July.
Suspensions for willful defiance have declined sharply in recent years, but Sen. Nancy Skinner says more state action is needed.
Teachers need more support to help struggling students rather than bans that reduce their ability to manage their classrooms.
Students who are suspended from school are less likely to graduate from high school and more likely to be arrested and incarcerated.