California districts are looking closely at their zero-tolerance discipline policies. Changes include raising awareness of the impact of trauma on students and implementing restorative justice principles, which require misbehaving students to make amends to those they have harmed. Disproportionate numbers of African-American and, to a lesser extent, Latino youth are suspended or disciplined.
The researchers say their findings support efforts to diversify the teaching workforce.
District officials say they have responded to concerns about discipline.
Too many California preschool students are suspended, says a group of educators and policymakers.
The study focused on teachers' reactions and expectations regarding behavior.
Oakland Unified is facing compliance deadlines to prove it is monitoring students at private special education schools.
The investigation concluded that the district violated federal education and disability law.
Unwanted sexual comments and jokes are against the law at schools, but enforcement has been minimal.
A disproportionate number of African-American students are suspended or expelled.
The lawsuit is seeking detailed information about student arrests.
School discipline and foster youth practices are targeted in state investigations.
Officials examining Tobinworld and other schools in California.
Researchers put the cost at $755,000 for each student who drops out.