An administrative credential allows an individual to develop instructional programs, evaluate personnel, decide discipline for students and school employees, and manage budgets. As with teachers, administrators first receive a preliminary administrative credential, followed within five years by a full or clear credential from the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing.
School boards hope that superintendents with ties to their districts will reduce the churn in leadership.
The longtime education leader says public schools must serve the needs of parents and students as the Trump administration focuses on school choice.
Superintendents who lead districts where they grew up say they are motivated by a yearning to honor their mentors who nurtured them along the way.
The district has had three superintendents in the past four years.
An EdSource survey of the state’s 30 largest districts shows that in 17 out of 30 districts, the superintendents have been in office for three years or less.
Four superintendents appointed in 2016 discuss their leadership approaches.
The Oakland superintendent is the only California leader who is part of the national coalition.
The weeklong challenge was organized to build empathy and spur action and sharing.
Substitutes filling in for teachers on leave would be able to stay longer.
About 2.6 percent of the state's superintendents are African-American.
School districts ask adults to model calm behavior.
Lower rates of suspension were correlated with higher academic achievement for every racial group in the state, the study found.
Funding is 50 times what the governor initially proposed in the budget.
Tony Smith starts May 1 as Illinois state superintendent of education.