The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing sets standards for teacher training programs in public colleges and universities, establishes requirements for teacher credentialing, enforces professional practices and disciplines credential holders.
A teacher's credential, not his or her performance, will define effectiveness under the state's education plan required by federal law.
Statewide efforts to increase the number of math and science teachers have had some impact.
To help solve California's math and science teacher shortage, new programs aim to help mid-career professionals switch careers.
Sean Nank, American College of Education professor, discusses Common Core math, instructional strategies, curriculum and the beauty of patterns.
Although most were able to fill their positions, many offered residency programs and financial incentives to do that.
Among the 211 districts that participated in the survey, 75 percent indicated having a shortage of qualified teachers for the current school year.
If the ballot measure passes, it will likely increase the demand for bilingual teachers, who are already in short supply.
Most of California's largest school districts filled nearly all their job openings.
The district hired more than 400 teachers before school started last week.
One-fifth of California high schools will offer the course this year
Preschool teachers paid about half of what kindergarten teachers make.
The state has long struggled with a shortage of math and science teachers.