Ending months of difficult negotiations, Gov. Gavin Newsom and legislative leaders announced Wednesday they had reached a final deal on the most extensive changes to California’s charter school law since it was adopted nearly three decades ago.
The agreement would create a truce in the years-long battles in Sacramento over charter schools and resolve the most contentious education issue facing Newsom in his first year in office.
“A lot of hard work has gone into this, and all that matters to me is the result,” Newsom said Tuesday on a visit to Cosumnes River College in Sacramento, the Los Angeles Times reported. “If we can pull something off, it’s a significant thing and it’s not easy. A lot of people have strong opinions on both sides.”
School districts for the first time would be able to consider the financial and academic impact on the district or neighborhood of a new charter school or a charter school that wants to expand. Districts like Oakland Unified that could show they are under fiscal distress will be able to deny any proposed charter from opening. “The presumption in those districts will be that new charters will not open,” said a statement from the governor’s office.
The changes mark a victory for school districts and the teachers’ unions that have been clamoring for tighter restrictions and more local control. They argued that legislators who approved the 1992 charter school envisioned a small number of taxpayer-funded charter schools created by teachers and parents, not a sector that has grown to more than 1,300 schools — the most in the nation — often run by nonprofit management organizations with additional funding from wealthy donors. Charter schools serve more than 10 percent of California’s 6.2 million public school students.
Leading charter school advocates have expressed fears that allowing school districts to take financial impact into account would give districts an excuse to reject a charter petition — and bring charter school growth to a halt.
The new version of Assembly Bill 1505 builds on an initial compromise that Newsom’s aides presented in July. It includes revisions to all key aspects of the charter law: the approval and renewal of charter schools, the appeals process for charter denials and the credentialing requirements for charter school teachers.
The language of the final version may not be in print until after the Senate Appropriations Committee votes on Friday to forward the bill to the Senate for approval. It will then be sent back to the Assembly with the final amendments. The Legislature must pass all bills before Sept. 13.
The California Charter Schools Association, which had vigorously opposed the original bill, Assembly Bill 1505, said in a statement that it is taking a neutral position, having succeeded in tempering the language and gaining some concessions. Among these is preserving a full right of appeal to a county office of education. “Collective action” by the charter school community “was able to secure significant protections for charter school students and schools,” it said.
In its statement, the California Teachers Association, which strongly backed AB 1505, said it “profoundly” appreciated the “hard work” by the bill’s author, Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell, D-Long Beach, and Newsom’s leadership and commitment “to fixing the flawed” charter school law. “The groundswell of action and support for this bill over the last several months underscores the sense of urgency in our communities to enact these much-needed changes,” it said in a joint statement with other school employee unions.
Jeff Freitas, president of the California Federation of Teachers, representing 120,000 educational employees, said he was “excited” by the bill’s affirmation of local control by allowing districts to take financial impact into account. He said his union would have preferred that charter schools be denied the right to appeal to the county or state after they had been turned down by a district.
O’Donnell called the new version of his bill “a step in the right direction” while adding in a statement there is “more work to be done to ensure bad (charter school) actors are held accountable.” He too thanked Newsom for finding “a solution that strengthens local control and gives local school boards and administrators the ability to determine how charters can best serve their community’s interests.”
The latest version includes a compromise on a previously unresolved issue: preparation and credentialing requirements for charter school teachers.
Charter schools currently must hire teachers with a state-approved credential in all core academic subjects, including English language arts, math, science and social studies but not in other “non-core” subjects like music, foreign languages and art.
O’Donnell sought to require all charter school teachers to have a credential. Under the compromise, all teachers hired after July 1, 2020 must have the appropriate credential for whatever class they’re teaching. All current charter school teachers without a credential will have until July 2025 to obtain one. And, by next July, uncredentialed teachers must get a Certificate of Clearance showing they’ve undergone a fingerprint and background check. Under current law, all staff at both traditional public schools and charter schools must have a background check. But those working at charter schools without credentials or permits have not been required to record the results with the state.
Pending final wording changes, here are the other significant changes to the law:
The current charter school law says that a school board shall approve a charter school if it satisfies several criteria, including providing evidence of financial viability and documentation of a sound academic program.
Newsom sought to balance students’ access to a better performing or different program and a district’s ability to avoid duplicating what it provides and ensure its financial stability.
A charter operator would have to justify the basis for a new school, particularly if similar programs exist. An applicant could point to low-performing district-run schools to justify the need for an additional school.
Charter schools currently have two opportunities to appeal a denial for a new school or a revocation of an existing charter — first before the local county office of education, then before the State Board of Education. O’Donnell’s original bill would have restricted grounds for a county appeal and eliminated an appeal to the state board. The amended version would basically keep the county-level appeal as is and allow an appeal to the state board only when a county or district “abused its discretion” — and acted arbitrarily. Oversight of the 29 charter schools that the state board has approved would revert to the districts where the schools are located.
The current law has imprecise and outdated language for renewing charter schools; it includes evaluating student performance on standardized tests and a school rating system (the Academic Performance Index) that the state replaced, along with with a new testing system.
The new version would create a tiered system that, according to the governor’s office, would reward effective charters — those that have been successful in narrowing achievement gaps — with a renewal, while making it easier to close down poorly performing charters. Charter schools would be evaluated with the same criteria as other public schools: the multiple measures of performance on the color-coded California School Dashboard. These measures include standardized test scores, suspension rates and students’ readiness for college and careers.
Those charter schools that have received blue and green ratings — the top two colors demonstrating excellent performance — could receive a renewal for as long as seven years. Currently the maximum is five years. Charter schools that have consistently received red and orange ratings — the bottom two colors — would be subject to closure, unless they could make a case showing why their charter should be renewed.
Districts could close a charter school that is financially unsound or if it is not serving all student populations.
The bulk of charters seeking renewal would fall in the middle, with a mix of dashboard colors and be eligible for a 5-year renewal. Under the July compromise, alternative charter schools, serving primarily dropouts, expelled students and students substantially behind academically, would be evaluated by other criteria.
The compromise also will place a two-year moratorium on online charter schools; one of the goals of school employee unions had been a moratorium on all charter schools.
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Scott 4 years ago4 years ago
I think the extreme growth of online charters is a problem. There is low accountability by sponsoring districts, special ed services is a joke, students cheating on tests is rampant, and parents doing work and turned in as student work is a huge problem. Online schools are issuing a lot of worthless diplomas.
jim hoch 4 years ago4 years ago
School insiders are so much more important than students…
Bill Thronberg 4 years ago4 years ago
I worked in "local county school district" in California and retired out of said district. My 30 years of experience leads me to believe that "business as usual" districts leave students behind. They are top-heavy with administration costs and students are paying the cost. Charter schools are so far superior and it's not even close. I can't tell you the number of teachers, protected by their unions, who don't really "teach" but are … Read More
I worked in “local county school district” in California and retired out of said district. My 30 years of experience leads me to believe that “business as usual” districts leave students behind. They are top-heavy with administration costs and students are paying the cost. Charter schools are so far superior and it’s not even close. I can’t tell you the number of teachers, protected by their unions, who don’t really “teach” but are just putting in their time before retirement. They show up, they get paid. I could have “milked the system” for a few more years and increased my retirement but the right thing to top was step aside and let a younger, more talented individual take control.
Sadly, too many of my fellow teachers are still employed, increasing their retirement numbers while the students are forced to stay in a stagnant class. We need more charters. In charter schools, if a teacher slacks off, they are removed. It is about the students, not the teachers and administrators.
Kevin 4 years ago4 years ago
Of course the unions love this law. Their bought and paid for lapdog Newsom does as ordered. The children pay the price, as do the taxpayers, as always.
tom 4 years ago4 years ago
There are about 330,000 members of CTA paying about $1,000/yr in union dues. Do the math and that is a heck of a lot of money to buy influence. And influence they do. At my district, the union rep is passed a microphone whenever she wants it and given unlimited time to talk at board meetings. Meanwhile, "the public" is limited to 3 minutes. We have lost our way folks, as I can … Read More
There are about 330,000 members of CTA paying about $1,000/yr in union dues. Do the math and that is a heck of a lot of money to buy influence. And influence they do. At my district, the union rep is passed a microphone whenever she wants it and given unlimited time to talk at board meetings. Meanwhile, “the public” is limited to 3 minutes. We have lost our way folks, as I can see all of your comments seem to understand.
Brenda 4 years ago4 years ago
The model of some charter schools allows all students to access learning at their level, above or below their current grade level. If students are advancing and growing from their current abilities, then how can that school be deemed red or orange? Why aren’t brick and mortar district schools held to the same standards? When do those underperforming schools get shut down?
JudiAU 4 years ago4 years ago
Well…sure. How about we apply these standards to all public schools. In my district at last half would close and almost every single school serving primarily African-American and Latino students.
The real problem is impotent schools boards, too many administrators, wasteful bureaucracy, underused school sites, and wasted urban land.
Michelle Yezbick 4 years ago4 years ago
Follow the money. The CTA has given a fortune to these politicians, and this is what the CTA wanted. It is sad that at a time when significant change is needed for California's public education system, the CTA has chosen to abandon complexity in favor of low-hanging fruit: attack on charters. We owe safe working spaces, overtime compensation, weekends, and abolition of child labor to the work of union leaders and members who put their … Read More
Follow the money. The CTA has given a fortune to these politicians, and this is what the CTA wanted. It is sad that at a time when significant change is needed for California’s public education system, the CTA has chosen to abandon complexity in favor of low-hanging fruit: attack on charters. We owe safe working spaces, overtime compensation, weekends, and abolition of child labor to the work of union leaders and members who put their lives on the line. Many of these brave people actually lost their lives in our history, and this is the follow up to that legacy? Shameful.
tom 4 years ago4 years ago
It should be apparent that this is a terrible decision for kids in poorly performing school districts (mostly kids of color) who are now more than ever forced to stay in traditional public schools churning out unprepared kids. How are they going to get a good paying job to support themselves and their families? Outrageous. If they were my kids, I would be working to march on Sacramento in protest. Of course there is a … Read More
It should be apparent that this is a terrible decision for kids in poorly performing school districts (mostly kids of color) who are now more than ever forced to stay in traditional public schools churning out unprepared kids. How are they going to get a good paying job to support themselves and their families? Outrageous. If they were my kids, I would be working to march on Sacramento in protest.
Of course there is a financial impact when parents choose to move their kids to charters, as there should be! The state per pupil money follows the kids which is totally appropriate. The argument that the money should stay is a ridiculous one. Traditional public schools need to adjust their staff and facilities when enrollment declines for whatever reason. Oakland Unified has not been doing this well and this decision will encourage the same. Sad day.
Alvina Arutyunyan 4 years ago4 years ago
I see that charter schools currently even before AB 1505 have a high level accountability from just the fact that they are up for periodic evaluation for performance. What kind of accountability exists for districts that are continuously performing low: can we close them as well?
Chris Bertelli 4 years ago4 years ago
This line is incorrect, “Charter schools would be evaluated with the same criteria as for other public schools: the multiple measures of performance on the color-coded California School Dashboard.” There is no evaluation of district-run school performance. They include that information in dashboards but that information isn’t subject to evaluation by anyone.
Mike McMahon 4 years ago4 years ago
So does this mean that district schools receiving red and orange ratings — the bottom two colors – would be subject to closure, unless they could make a case why their school should remain open?
Michael B 4 years ago4 years ago
Excellent point. Sounds like they’re creating another significant double standard.