Live online class time is most effective when it is built around small-group peer interactions and direct teacher-to-student feedback, according to a new research brief. The researchers also found that students need reserved time to connect socially for increased engagement, and teachers will need additional planning time and training to redesign instruction, for high-quality distance and blended learning. Strategies to avoid, according to the researchers, include asking students to watch multiple hours of video instruction every day, or punishing students who are not meeting expectations for attendance or engagement.