California districts are looking closely at their zero-tolerance discipline policies. Changes include raising awareness of the impact of trauma on students and implementing restorative justice principles, which require misbehaving students to make amends to those they have harmed. Disproportionate numbers of African-American and, to a lesser extent, Latino youth are suspended or disciplined.
Researchers put the cost at $755,000 for each student who drops out.
California funding formula requires districts to include school climate as a priority.
The biggest decline in suspensions was in the "willful defiance" category.
California likely to see a slight increase in federal funds.
The investigation resulted in 22 arrests, including an autistic student.
Lower rates of suspension were correlated with higher academic achievement for every racial group in the state, the study found.
The Student Voice campaign encourages meaningful connections with teachers.
School districts lose $1 billion in funding every year due to absenteeism.
The state suspends certification for two Tobinworld schools.
A new guide outlines steps districts can take to improve practices.
The data focuses on student performance in the state's priority areas.
USC Social Work and Public Policy graduate student Lisa Higuera connects stories from her childhood to today's push for school discipline reform.