Charter schools are public schools typically run by nonprofit organizations, and have more flexibility and autonomy than regular public schools. California has over 1,300 charter schools— serving a little more than 1 in 10 of California’s public school students. In 2019, Gov. Gavin Newsom engineered major reforms of California’s 1992 charter school legislation — at the time the second of its kind in the nation. Those reforms are intended to bring more transparency and oversight of the charter school sector.