Lauryn Cummins
Lauryn Cummins, a senior at Terra Linda High School in San Rafael, works on college application essays.

For generations, high school seniors have fretted over writing their essays for college applications, worrying how to make their personal stories stand out in the crowd and avoid hurting their acceptance chances with mediocre compositions.

This year’s seniors have even deeper worries as the college application season begins.

Since SAT/ACT scores are optional or totally off the table during the pandemic, many colleges say that the personal and academic information presented in applicants’ essays will loom somewhat larger than in the past.

That, in turn, is making some students double down on their essay compositions, often trying to distinguish their pandemic experiences from others stuck in online education and lockdown. In some cases, anxiety is heightened because they are not able to talk face-to-face with counselors and can’t visit drop-in writing centers.

In the past, too many students saw essays as “just another hurdle,” some delaying until final hours or not exerting enough effort. The result, said Timothy Brunold, dean of admission at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, was “an opportunity unfortunately lost.” At a university that accepted just 16% of nearly 60,000 freshman applicants last year, he now advises hopeful students: “I think that this year of all years, they should pay particular attention to the writing that they submit to colleges.”

Lauryn Cummins, a senior at Terra Linda High School in San Rafael, has not been able to take the SAT because of virus-related cancellations of testing sessions. As a result, she is “putting a lot more effort than I would otherwise” into writing her essays for applications to University of California campuses and private schools, including Brown University and University of Miami. “I’m spending so much more time on them to make sure they are good.”

Most classmates are “stressing so much” as the application deadlines in November and December approach. So, her family and others have hired coaches to help review the statements. Those are her own writing, Cummins said, but her adviser is pushing her to more deeply “reflect on myself and my four years in high school.”

High school grades, class ranks and other quantitative measures of a student’s high school career remain very important in college admissions.

But with SAT or ACT scores optional, colleges’ “decision-making certainly will become a bit more qualitative this year,” said USC’s Brunold. That means more emphasis on how students present themselves in one of the essay possibilities in the nationwide Common Application USC and many other colleges use and the two to three supplemental statements USC requires depending on majors, he said.

The Common Application’s seven choices for an essay of no more than 650 words include: “Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging it makes you lose all track of time,” and “Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?” The Common Application this year encourages using an additional section of 250 words to describe how the pandemic affected students.

(USC’s extra essays, each 250 words maximum, are responses to such topics as: “Tell us about a time you were exposed to a new idea or when your beliefs were challenged by another point of view.”)

Santa Clara University, a Catholic University in northern California, made SAT/ACT scores optional this year and next. It requires the Common Application essay and its own supplemental statement, asking: “We strive to cultivate knowledge and faith to build a more humane, just and sustainable world. How do you plan to live out and implement these values in your own life to create a more equitable society?”

Santa Clara always takes a holistic view of applicants, with no single element most important, according to Eva Blanco Masias, vice president for enrollment management. But with no test scores, other parts of the application package, including grades, the essays and letters of recommendation, stand out more. “We focus on what we do have,” she said. “Students’ voices, their personal narratives are going to be important to us,” she said.

The UC system’s nine undergraduate campuses use an application separate from the Common Application. UC requires answers to four of eight so-called Personal Insight Questions (PIQ), with each no more than 350 words. Among the possibilities are: “What would you say is your greatest talent or skill?” and “What have you done to make your school or your community a better place?” There is room for additional explanations, which UC this year says could include “extraordinary circumstances related to Covid-19.”

SAT/ACT scores are optional this year at UC and the university system faces a court challenge, now in appeals court, seeking to ban their use altogether. UC continues to evaluate the 13 remaining factors in its admissions reviews, including high school grades, special talents, honors courses and family circumstances.

Bryan Jue, UC Irvine’s director of marketing and outreach for undergraduate admissions, said this year is “definitely different” without the test scores. UC campuses will put more “emphasis on looking at that context obviously” that students provide in their statements. He urged applicants to use the extra space provided for pandemic explanations, such as schools switching to pass/fail grading, family members falling ill or parents losing jobs. And he said students should take advantage of UC’s free online workshops on statement writing that don’t require expensive private tutors.

Angelina Duran, a senior at the Academy of Scientific Exploration, a public school in San Fernando, near Los Angeles, has attended UC webinars and received counseling help from her school as she applies to several UC campuses and such private universities as Stanford and Duke. But she said she and classmates still feel more anxious about their essays than they would have last year when test scores were required. She took the SAT in March before the pandemic lockdown but was not able to re-take it to get a better score, she said.

“It really makes me feel more pressure” about the writing, Duran said. “This year it feels so much more important since it may be really the only insight they are going to get about us.” That unease is heightened by pandemic-related circumstances nibbling at her time and Internet access, such as her responsibility to help younger cousins who live with her family with their online school work.

Some other UC officials seem to want to calm such panic about essay writing. Han Mi Yoon-Wu, the UC system’s executive director of undergraduate admissions, said in a statement there are “no fixed weights” among the criteria, including the personal insight statements and that “multiple measures of achievement and academic promise are considered in an admissions decision.”

Gary Clark, UCLA’s director of undergraduate admissions, also said there are no fixed values to grades or essays, but he urged high school seniors to work hard on their writing responses to help reviewers “better understand our applicants as the individuals that they are. Authentic is the word I would use to describe the most effective responses I’ve read. We want to hear from the students in their voice.”

(The 23-campus California State University system is not using SAT/ACT scores for admissions but will consider them for placements in freshman math and English courses. CSU’s general application does not require essays although low-income students seeking extra financial and academic help through the Educational Opportunity Program must submit autobiographical statements.)

Without standardized test scores, colleges will look more at the essays for evidence of “intellectual curiosity, initiative, drive and determination,” said Jayne Fonash, who is immediate past president of the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) and an independent counselor in Virginia. It is the place “to tell the story beyond the data, beyond grades and transcripts” and should be written in a student’s natural tone and language, “not like the third act of a drama.”

“I think students put a lot of pressure on themselves for the essay to be perfect when, in fact, it simply should be a heartfelt, clearly and succinctly written story about an important aspect of their life,” Fonash added. The compositions “don’t have to be about an event that changed the future of the world. Their life may not have a lot of drama but that doesn’t mean there weren’t a lot of life lessons.”

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  1. Harold Kassel 2 years ago2 years ago

    There is a 100 years of research showing essay tests are unreliable and invalid and so would essays be for admissions. Admissions should be on a strictly objective exam basis not looking for a hail fellow well met or a real gone gal. I am a retired clinical psych and college teacher.

  2. Muvaffak GOZAYDIN 2 years ago2 years ago

    Now it is time to start a national entrance exam like China.

    Students list their choice of colleges one by one. If their score is 60 out of 100, they can be placed according to their scores.

  3. Dawson 2 years ago2 years ago

    If essays are going to be such a deciding factor in admissions then they should be taken under an exam environment or there is too much opportunity for fraudulent writing by non-student applicants ie parents and tutors etc. Pretty fair I think. Best way to keep it legit.


    • Chris Stampolis 2 years ago2 years ago

      Dawson, your suggestion for a structured essay environment has much wisdom. The UC Regents’ decision to ban SAT/ACT scores is all about two outcomes: 1) protecting White power and 2) enhancing high school teachers’ personal power over individual students. All objective data points show that Asian-American students have retained a consistent admissions rate to competitive UC and CSU campuses over the past 20 years. However, Latino students’ total admissions numbers have increased and White students’ total … Read More

      Dawson, your suggestion for a structured essay environment has much wisdom. The UC Regents’ decision to ban SAT/ACT scores is all about two outcomes: 1) protecting White power and 2) enhancing high school teachers’ personal power over individual students.

      All objective data points show that Asian-American students have retained a consistent admissions rate to competitive UC and CSU campuses over the past 20 years. However, Latino students’ total admissions numbers have increased and White students’ total admission numbers have decreased. African-American students’ numbers are very small because California is home to few African-American human-beings in comparison to Latinos, Asian-Americans and Whites, thus African-Americans are a true minority in any large organization in California. Conversely, Latino students now are the true majority in California and White students have decreased to minority status.

      The one place where Whites still are a large majority is high school teachers and high school administrators. Do we really believe that this disproportionately White group of high school teachers will rank Latino students above White students when those White teachers know that a drop of an A to an A- or from an A- to a B+ will make the defining difference to keep one student out of a competitive UC and give an opportunity to a different student? SAT scores and ACT scores allow qualified students of color to differentiate themselves from lesser deserving students who received grade inflation.

      Today convicted grade-bribing felon Lori Loughlin went to prison. Good. That is where cheaters like her deserve to be. Nonetheless, look at the ethnic background of teachers and principals in California overall. The UC Regents clearly wanted to stop the rise of qualified Latino students by placing their future only in the hands and grading pencils of White teachers who have almost no checks and balances to their grading choices. Cheaters and bribers like Lori Loughlin were caught in part because the grading process for SAT exams provides some objectivity. However, a few hundred dollars here and a few gift cards there will inflate a LOT of grades from high school teachers.

      The UC Board of Regents needs to revisit why they chose to empower inappropriate power by making the subjectivity of high school transcripts along with purchased application essays their new way to keep White kids in and to keep out qualified students of color.