Larry Gordon/EdSource Today
Students at UC Berkeley's Sproul Plaza. Only 19 percent of California freshman applicants were admitted there for last fall.

Changes are coming soon to the University of California’s application for incoming freshmen and transfer students, offering hundreds of thousands of them more freedom of choice in essays describing their interests, academic achievements and personal challenges.

In a new format starting this fall, applicants who would be entering in the 2017-18 school year will be asked to pick four of eight “personal insight questions” and answer with shorter responses than those that were required for the two essays they are replacing. The eight questions probe students’ favorite academic subjects, their leadership history, creativity and “educational barriers.”

Faced with an avalanche of applications, UC admissions officials say they hope the new approach will help them more easily identify talents and potentials not always evident in GPAs and standardized test scores.

After receiving a record-high 206,000 freshman and transfer applications this year, UC felt the prior two-question system “wasn’t providing the kind of insights we want,” said Stephen Handel, UC’s associate vice president for undergraduate admissions. “We just didn’t have enough information to make some very difficult decisions.”

In addition, he said, too many essays had become “fairly formulaic and generalized” and canned responses were available to copy from older friends or from online postings and websites.

Handel said there was no intent to increase enrollment of any particular group of students, such as low-income or minority applicants, and no design to circumvent Proposition 209’s ban on racial affirmative action in public college admissions in California. The goal is to have an application review at all nine UC undergraduate campuses that is “as fair as possible,” he said. “I know it’s not infallible but we want to do right by applicants.”

UC Berkeley students study at one of the campus libraries. Only 19 percent of California freshman applicants were offered admissions at the campus last year.

Larry Gordon/EdSource Today

UC Berkeley students study at one of the campus libraries. That campus, UCLA and UC San Diego were the three most popular UC campuses among applicants this year.

So far the response from students and high school counselors has been a mix of satisfaction and anxiety. Some say the new questions seem liberating and praise how specific the topics are, making it harder to plagiarize. But others say the new shorter essays — each limited to 350 words — don’t allow many details, whether personal or academic.

Most students feel “more confident” about the change and shorter lengths, said Timothy Sandoval, the program director of Bright Prospect, an organization that helps low-income students in the Pomona area gain college admission and financial aid. And if it makes them more comfortable, “then that’s a good thing.” However, Sandoval said UC’s previous essays, which could be as long as 750 words, forced students “to dig deeper and find their story as to why they want to go to college. It pushed them to really think about what are your motivations, what are your aspirations. I don’t know to what degree we will see that in the new format.”

At San Francisco University High School, a private school that emphasizes college placement, college counseling director Jon Reider welcomed the change. He said the old questions were “kind of tired,” while the new ones seem to better probe students’ interests and abilities. He particularly likes the one about students’ favorite academic subject since it explores “what makes your brain tick.”

However, a student “who does not have so many different interests” may have a hard time writing four separate essays, he added. And some students may have trouble trimming to 350 words if they don’t have editing advice from a counselor, teacher or parent.

Reider said it seems that UC hopes to add more low-income students and more geographic and ethnic diversity to campuses. “Obviously, you don’t change the essay prompts unless you want to,” he said.

The new questions for potential freshmen offer detailed suggestions to approaching the topics. Among the eight topics are:

  • Describe an example of your leadership in which you positively influenced others or helped to resolve disputes.
  • Describe how you express your creative side. What is your greatest talent or skill and how have you developed it over time?
  • Describe how you have taken advantage of a significant educational opportunity or worked to overcome an educational barrier.
  • Describe your favorite subject and how it has influenced you. What have you done to make your school or community a better place?

Transfer students must pick three of seven topics the freshmen have —  all but the one about favorite subject. They then must answer a fourth: How you prepared for your intended major and your readiness to succeed in upper division courses.

The essay questions have changed somewhat over the decades, but officials say this is the first time a significantly wider choice is available. The previous two “personal statements,” instituted in 2008, required freshman applicants to “describe the world you come from, for example your family, community or school, and how that has shaped your aspirations” and to detail “a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you.” With room for optional additional comments, the total word count was 1,000 maximum, with a suggestion that each of the essays be at least 250 words.

02.Khan Academy SAT


Hannah Smith, a soon-to-be senior at Millikan High School in Long Beach, participates in a study session for the SAT exam. She will apply to UC San Diego and other UC campuses.

Students qualify for a spot somewhere in the UC system – but not necessarily applicants’ first- or second-choice campuses – with a combination of grades and standardized test scores; they need to place in the top 9 percent of all students statewide or in their own high school graduating class. A 3.0 grade average is needed in required classes. While a student can use the same form to apply to any number of the UC campuses, each campus reviews its own applicants and can consider such factors as students’ special interests, accomplishments and any hardships they faced. And being qualified for UC does not guarantee admission to the most popular campuses, such as UCLA and Berkeley.

Handel, the UC admissions official, declined to provide a numerical weight to essays compared with grades and other factors. “Essays are important,” he said. “We wouldn’t have gone through this much work without feeling that this is information we really need and really want. As important as GPA and test scores are, we want to know about the students and their lives, their challenges and their accomplishments.”

UC this spring offered a freshman spot someplace in the system for the fall 2016 term to 62.7 percent of the 105,341 California applicants, according to UC data. Campus admissions rates for fall 2016 were not yet available, but last year they varied widely, from just 16 percent of California applicants admitted to UCLA and 19 percent at Berkeley to 57 percent at Riverside and 66 percent at Merced.

At Millikan High School in Long Beach, soon-to-be senior Hannah Smith, who wants to study neuroscience in college, said she had been preparing for the previous application responses and was “a bit disappointed” that she would have to start fresh with the new format. She said she preferred the older, lengthier essays because “there is more room for the admissions officers to get to know the applicants.”

Still, Hannah, who will apply to UC San Diego and other UC campuses, said she liked the freedom to write “about virtually anything I want to tell the university.” She said she hopes it will give her a chance “to stand out from other students.”

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  1. e-medsx 6 years ago6 years ago

    Sometimes changes provide good results. I think that this new format of application will allow the applicants to share their abilities in a more effective way.

  2. Lindy King 7 years ago7 years ago

    I'm not sure I agree with the sentiment the UC changed its prompts obviously to target low-income. Yes, they may want more low income, how do I know. But as an independent UC consultant who works with transfers and also as an alumni scholarship reader, I felt the change was to avoid the insane repetitiveness that accompanies so many essays. They all gravitate to themes that "supposedly" are what they have read or been told … Read More

    I’m not sure I agree with the sentiment the UC changed its prompts obviously to target low-income. Yes, they may want more low income, how do I know. But as an independent UC consultant who works with transfers and also as an alumni scholarship reader, I felt the change was to avoid the insane repetitiveness that accompanies so many essays. They all gravitate to themes that “supposedly” are what they have read or been told the UCs want. Plus, I cannot tell you the number of admissions folks (both from UC campus and independent colleges) who emphasize writing about hardship. This is something I don’t believe is accurate, and I think the change is more to break that cycle. Additionally, the UC always says they are not interested in style as much as content, so a short answer approach (read: answer) goes right to the heart of the matter.