Three school districts and a community college passed a new form of school bonds on Tuesday aimed at ensuring technology purchases are more affordable and frequent.
Called Ed-Tech Bonds, they are a series of low-interest, short-term bonds, with a three- to five-year payback period, each issued after the previous one is paid off. This schedule is designed to create a replacement cycle for equipment after it wears out – a constant challenge for school districts.
With the adoption of the Common Core State Standards, many school districts have wanted to upgrade school technology in order to have the capacity for online tests that start next spring and to take advantage of emerging digital curriculums and materials. But many districts can’t afford to fund equipment for technology out of operating budgets or persuade voters to pass a parcel tax – a flat increase in taxes paid by property owners – to finance upgrades. There was only one new school parcel tax anywhere in the state on the ballot Tuesday.
Instead of interest consuming a third to one half of the total cost of the bond measure, interest for a technology bond will be about 5 percent of the cost.
General obligation bonds, including the Ed-Tech Bonds and those for school construction, require 55 percent voter approval. Stockton Unified’s Ed-Tech Bonds received 66 percent approval, while 67 percent of voters in East Side Union voted for its bond measure. Voters in Pacific Grove Unified and West Hills Community College District also passed smaller Ed-Tech Bonds, but voters in Cajon Valley Union Elementary School District in San Diego County rejected the proposed bond, with 48 percent approval.
Ed-Tech Bonds were developed and trademarked by Dale Scott & Company, a San Francisco financial advisory firm. They are one way to avoid the type of criticism aimed at districts – such as Los Angeles Unified – that have paid for iPads and other computer equipment using conventional 20- to 30-year school construction bonds. Though legal, the bonds violated the principle of finance that says the length of repayment should match the life of an asset. With heavy use and breakage, school laptops and tablets have a useful life of two to five years.
In the last few years, some districts have issued shorter-term bonds for technology purchases and upgrades. Ed-Tech Bonds offer a comprehensive program, Mark Farrell, senior financial adviser with Dale Scott & Company, said in a video interview about the bonds. “We think they are a fiscally responsible way for school districts to provide ongoing reliable funding of technology,” he said.
Instead of interest consuming a third to one half of the total cost of the bond measure, interest for a technology bond will be about 5 percent of the cost. Fees for issuing a multiple series of bonds will be higher with Ed-Tech Bonds – 4 percent instead of 1 percent. But the combination of fees and interest will still be substantially lower than conventional financing, saving money for taxpayers, the company says.
East Side Union, the largest high school district in Northern California with 24,000 students in 13 high schools, intends to issue six bonds, phased in every three years, from 2015 to 2033. The first three-year bond would be $16.2 million, growing to $21.8 million for the final three-year bond issued in 2030. The initial bond would provide money to expand the speed and capacity of connections, provide laptop carts in every classroom and provide teachers with training on integrating technology into their teaching, said Superintendent Chris Funk.
Particularly in districts like East Side, with a high number of low-income students, the switch to computer-based education can place students at a disadvantage if their
families don’t have computer access at home. To deal with the issue, the district intends to establish each school as a Wi-Fi center with a mile radius, which should provide after-school access to 90 percent of students, Funk said. The district is assuming that 60 percent of students will bring their own computers to school and it will allow the rest to take district laptops home.
East Side Union is projecting the total cost of the bond issue to be $117.8 million, of which $4.8 million would be interest payments, based on a 2 percent interest rate. Even if the interest rate rises to 4 percent, the taxpayer savings would be substantial, Dale Scott said.
Last year, the Legislature allocated $1.25 billion to school districts for the transition to the Common Core. That was about $200 per student, with districts deciding whether to spend it on teacher training, materials or technology. Many districts chose training as the priority.
”Public education has been unable to fully integrate technology into teaching and learning in our schools, and each school district is left to fend for itself,” Funk and Muhammed Chaudhry, CEO of the Silicon Valley Education Foundation, wrote in a commentary in the Mercury News supporting the Ed-Tech Bonds ballot measure.